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Olympic Gymnastics: The Basics of Trampoline


Olympic Gymnastics: The Basics of Trampoline

Jennifer Parilla (USA) at the 2004 Olympics

© Jamie Squire / Getty

In trampoline, gymnasts perform high-flying flips and twists on every bounce. It became an Olympic discipline for the 2000 Olympics, under gymnastics. (To add trampolinists to the quota allotted for gymnastics, artistic teams were reduced from seven team members to six).

Participants are both male and female, and must be at least 18 years old by the end of the Olympic year in order to compete.

The Competition

There is an individual competition for women and for men, with a gold, silver, and bronze awarded in each competition.


Athletes use only the trampoline – a metal frame surrounding a nylon spring bed. The trampoline is 3 ft. 9 in. off of the floor, with mats on both sides in case the gymnast comes off the trampoline. The trampoline is 16 ft. 6 in. long, and 9 ft. 6 in. wide.

Gold, Silver and Bronze

In the preliminary round, 16 gymnasts perform a compulsory and voluntary routine with ten skills. The top eight trampolinists move on the final round, where each competes one voluntary routine.

Though the scores from the preliminary round don’t carry over, the competition order in the final round is based on preliminary round rankings. The top-ranked athlete in preliminaries has the advantage of going last in finals.

The top three scores from the final round receive the gold, silver, and bronze medals.

Find out about Olympic trampoline rules and judging

Go to the Olympic gymnastics main page
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